Brush bodies


Brush bodies


The filaments are attached to a rigid support that forms the ‘brush body’. The materials used are mainly synthetic, but also natural or metallic.

Materiale PSATmaxTminRRERCDFDAUso prevalente
PVC1.400.05+60 -55510¹⁵XX80Spazzole senza particolari specifiche tecniche
PP0.910.03+10003510¹⁷XX70Alimentare, ambiente umido o climaticamente aggressivo, grandi spazzole a rullo
PE0.960.02+80-502810¹⁶XXX65Grandi spazzole piane, ambiente climaticamente aggressivo
POM1.410.50+100-506510¹⁵X80Alimentare, lavorazioni meccaniche di precisione
PET1.340.50+110-205510¹⁴XX80Alimentare, lavorazioni precise e ambiente aggressivo
PTFE2.18+1202510¹⁸XXXAlimentare, ambiente caldo
PEEK1.320.50+180-209510¹⁶XXAlte temperature di esercizio
PUR1.30+85-2043XXX40Spazzole a cinghia
LEGNO0.7225+30013010¹²X60Alte temperature, spazzole leggere
MULTISTRATO0.673710¹²X65Alte temperature, spazzole lineari
CUOIO0.8560+110-30-XX40Spazzole a cinghia di grosse dimensioni
ALLUMINIO 2.70-+2003002.8 x 10-⁶XX-Spazzole rigide ed antistatiche
OTTONE8.50-+2804207 x 10-⁶XXX-Corpo spazzole con elevata resistenza meccanica
ACCIAIO7.85-+4505001.2x10-⁵X-Spazzole motorizzate
INOX7.90-+600-1505151.2x10-⁵XXX-Spazzole motorizzate, uso alimentare

PS: specific weight (Kg/dm³)

A: water absorption (%)

T max: maximum operating temperature (°C)

T min: minimum operating temperature (°C)

R: tensile breaking load (N/mm²)

RE: Electrical Resistance (Ohm cm)

RC: chemical resistance (X = poor, XX = sufficient, XXX = good)

D: Hardness (ShD)

FDA: for food use according to Food and Drug Administration (U.S.A.) Room temperature only

All synthetics are available in sheets, solid and perforated bars, and in some cases also in shaped profiles.


Hto excellent processability and cold dimensional stability. However, it cannot be used in hot environments or for food use. Its deformability with temperature can be exploited to perform excellent hot-mounting of perforated bars on metal pipes.

PA (Nylon)

It has good mechanical and elastic properties, but is less workable than PVC and tends to deform during processing. It is well suited for food use (only at room temperature).


It has lower mechanical properties than PA and is also available in tubes, making it suitable for the manufacture of large roller brushes, where other products would waste a lot of material. It also lends itself well to injection moulding. It resists chemicals well.


As it is a soft material, it allows high processing speeds and is also relatively light, making it suitable for building large slab brushes. It also has a low coefficient of friction. It resists chemicals well.

POM(Acetal Resin)

It is a material widely used in brushes of higher technical value, as it has excellent workability, dimensional stability, temperature resistance and is suitable for food use. Available in H (homopolymer) and C (copolymer) versions.


It has similar characteristics to POM, plus it has good resistance to chemicals.

PUR (polyurethane)

It is often used in the construction of belt brushes due to its deformability. It is also used as a coating for metal cores.

PTFE (Teflon)

It is used as a temperature-resistant material and when sliding on metal floors or shafts is required.


It is a technological material that is used exclusively for its resistance to high temperatures.


Before the advent of synthetics, wood was practically the only material used to make industrial brushes. But even today, due to its ability to withstand high temperatures and its lightness, it is still a material used in technology. It is of utmost importance to use only carefully seasoned wooden boards, to avoid bending and breaking during brush work.


It has great dimensional stability and flatness, and has the advantage of being available in sheets of various thicknesses. Marine plywood can also work in water.

The diagram shows how a plywood board returns to normal from the situation of maximum water absorption.



It is another material used for belt brushes, and has about the same hardness as PUR. With leather, belts of considerable width can be made, and it is often laminated with a layer of nylon or PP to increase its rigidity. The most commonly used leather is that treated with chrome.


It makes it possible to build very strong and light brush bodies, and at the same time is soft enough to be inset with automatic machines, albeit much faster than plastics. It has high dimensional stability. It is also an excellent electrical conductor, which is why it is also used in the manufacture of anti-static brushes.


It has high mechanical strength and great stability even at very high temperatures. It also has excellent workability.


It is mainly used as a core for roller brushes in the form of tubes, shafts, bushings, flanges. Or it is used as a body for hand-sewn brushes. There are many steel grades available for brush bodies, including stainless steel (AISI 304), in bar or plate format.

Synthetic materials have a hardness characteristic of the polymer of which they are made.

When a batch of synthetic rods or sheets enters the factory, its hardness is also checked by means of a durometer on the Shore D scale (or Shore A for softer materials such as PUR).

Hardness is also indirectly related to other characteristics such as the breaking load R. Each material has a range of acceptability, if the result falls outside this range it is rejected.

This control eliminates faults due to incorrect material manufacture, thus guaranteeing consistent quality in the supply of brushes. In the case of metal bodies, whether turned or milled, quality control is of the dimensional type; various high-precision instruments are used for this purpose.

What is the advantage of using a brush instead of another deformable object?

The special feature of the brush is that the working surface consists of millions of individual elements, which are the ends of individual filaments.

This gives the brush an adaptability that no other element, however deformable, can have.

How much must the brush interfere with the workpiece?

It depends on various factors. In a nutshell, it can be said that 2 mm is a good compromise. The important thing is that the brush filaments work ‘on the tip’ and not on the side.

Can a bundle of filament be detached from the brush body?

Depending on the materials used and the dimensions, there is a limiting tensile load that an individual bundle can withstand.

Beyond this limit, the bundle comes off, so the brush must be calculated according to use. This limit can be greatly increased by constructing ‘sewn’ or ‘tied’ brushes by hand, where instead of a single anchoring element, a continuous steel wire is placed.

Is it possible for a single filament to slip out of the bundle and contaminate the product?

This can only happen if the brush has a manufacturing defect, like any other type of object (e.g. a roller made of silicone flakes, one of which is defective and breaks).

When it is important that no contamination occurs, synthetic (not natural) fibres with a diameter greater than or equal to 0.15 mm should be used.

What softness or hardness of brush can I achieve?

Practically all degrees of hardness are possible, from very soft to very hard. In fact, hardness is a combination of the filament diameter, its free length and the density of the bundles.

Is it possible to have a certified 'food grade' brush?

Of course, we can provide FDA or FOOD GRADE certification and filament traceability.

Is it possible to have an ATEX-certified brush?

Unfortunately not, as it is the machine + brush assembly that needs to be ATEX certified, not the brush alone.

However, it is possible to supply the materials that the certifier requires, e.g. conductive bases, conductive filaments, etc.

Is it possible to 'regenerate' a worn-out brush?

Generally speaking, it is possible, but one has to assess whether it is cost-effective, which is not always the case. In addition, in the case of a punched brush, it is inadvisable to regenerate the brush more than twice, so as not to reduce the tightness of the bundles.